Developmental Coordination Disorder Solutions at Our Montreal Clinic

Dyspraxia: Pathways to Improvement and Empowerment

Developmental coordination disorder (DCD), also known as dyspraxia, is a neurodevelopmental condition that affects motor coordination and planning. Individuals with dyspraxia may experience challenges in performing everyday tasks that require coordination, such as writing, tying shoelaces or using utensils. While dyspraxia is often recognized during childhood, it can persist into adulthood and impact various aspects of daily life. Understanding the symptoms, diagnostic process, and the role of neuropsychological assessment in identifying and managing DCD is crucial for supporting individuals with this condition.

What Causes Dyspraxia?

The exact cause of dyspraxia remains unclear. However, there’s an observed increased risk in individuals who were born before their due dates. Dyspraxia appears to be more prevalent in males and can often be a condition that is seen within family lines.

How Does Dyspraxia Manifest?

Dyspraxia is a developmental disorder characterized by difficulties in planning, coordinating and executing movements. It is not due to muscle weakness or lack of intelligence but rather reflects differences in brain function related to motor skills. Individuals with dyspraxia may have trouble with both gross motor skills (e.g., walking, running) and fine motor skills (e.g., handwriting, buttoning clothes). Dyspraxia can vary in severity and may coexist with other neurodevelopmental conditions such as attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) or autism spectrum disorder (ASD).

Early Childhood Symptoms:

School-Age Symptoms:

Diagnostic Process for Dyspraxia

Diagnosing dyspraxia involves a comprehensive assessment conducted by healthcare professionals, typically including pediatricians, occupational therapists and neuropsychologists. The diagnostic process may include the following components:

Dyspraxia in Adults

Outside the realm of childhood developmental coordination disorder, “dyspraxia” encompasses a wider scope. Medical professionals might apply the term “dyspraxia” to reference movement challenges that emerge in adulthood due to brain damage, for instance, following a stroke or a brain injury. This condition is often termed as acquired dyspraxia.

The neuropsychological assessment plays a valuable role in the diagnosis and management of dyspraxia by providing a comprehensive evaluation of cognitive, motor and psychosocial functioning. Neuropsychologists utilize a variety of tests and measures to assess the following aspects:

Neuropsychological Assessment for Dyspraxia

Motor Coordination

Assessing fine and gross motor skills, manual dexterity, balance, and coordination to identify difficulties specific to dyspraxia.

Sensory Processing

Evaluating sensory processing abilities, including tactile, proprioceptive, and vestibular processing, which may contribute to difficulties in motor coordination.

Cognitive Functioning

Examining cognitive abilities such as attention, executive functioning, memory, and language skills to identify potential cognitive correlates of dyspraxia.

Psychosocial Functioning

Assessing emotional regulation, social skills, self-esteem, and adaptive functioning to understand the impact of dyspraxia on overall well-being and quality of life.

Diagnostic Clarification

Differentiating dyspraxia from other neurodevelopmental conditions or learning disorders that may coexist or share similar symptoms, such as ADHD or specific learning disabilities.

Benefits of Seeing a Neuropsychologist for Dyspraxia

Find out how neuropsychology can assist you in obtaining an accurate diagnosis and the necessary support to flourish:

A neuropsychological assessment offers numerous advantages for individuals with dyspraxia. Firstly, it provides an accurate diagnosis by comprehensively evaluating the individual’s strengths, weaknesses, and specific areas of difficulty related to dyspraxia. This clarity enables the development of personalized intervention strategies that target the individual’s unique needs, promoting skill development and functional improvement. 

Additionally, repeated assessments over time facilitate the monitoring of progress, allowing for the evaluation of intervention effectiveness and adjustment of treatment plans as necessary. 

Furthermore, assessment results inform the implementation of educational accommodations, support services, and advocacy efforts to ensure individuals receive appropriate support and resources. Lastly, understanding the psychological and social impact of dyspraxia through assessment guides interventions aimed at addressing emotional challenges, enhancing social skills, and improving overall well-being.

Why NeuroSolution?

At NeuroSolution, we are dedicated to transforming lives by addressing the complexities of Developmental Coordination Disorder (Dyspraxia) with empathy, expertise, and evidence-based methods. Our expert team of bilingual neuropsychologists brings a wealth of knowledge and experience in diagnosing and understanding dyspraxia, ensuring a tailored approach that recognizes the uniqueness of each individual. We delve deep into cognitive, motor, and social-emotional assessments to unveil a comprehensive picture of your or your loved one’s abilities and challenges.

Choosing NeuroSolution means you’re not only seeking answers but also finding a lifelong ally. Our commitment extends beyond the consultation room, encompassing a holistic support system designed to foster resilience, enhance skills and improve quality of life. We collaborate closely with a multidisciplinary network of specialists — from therapists and educators to medical professionals — to create a cohesive, personalized strategy for managing and thriving with Developmental Coordination Disorder.

We’ve been trying to find a bilingual neuropsychologist for some time now to help our son, who’s in a French program. NeuroSolution was the bridge we were looking for.

Regions We Serve

Due to our commitment to provide exceptional care to everyone who walks through our doors, we are proud to serve a diverse group of patients from many areas within Montreal and its surrounding cities:

Montreal: Ahuntsic, Côte-des-Neiges, Mont-Royal, Outremont, Petite-Italie, Le Plateau-Mont-Royal, Notre-Dame-de-Grâce, Rosemont, Ville-Marie, Westmount

Laval: Auteuil, Duvernay, Fabreville, Laval-des-rapides, Pont-Viau, Vimont

South Shore of Montreal: Brossard, Longueuil, Saint-Lambert

West-Island: Dorval, Pointe-Claire, Vaudreuil-Dorion

Regions We Serve